The kind of math used for logic is primarily propositional logic and first-order logic, which are branches of symbolic or mathematical logic. These branches of logic involve the use of symbols and rules to represent and manipulate logical statements and arguments.
In propositional logic, statements are represented by symbols, often referred to as propositions, and logical operations like AND, OR, NOT, and IMPLIES are used to express relationships between these propositions. This form of logic deals with the truth values of statements.
First-order logic, also known as predicate logic, goes beyond propositional logic by allowing the quantification of variables and the use of predicates to make statements about objects and their properties.
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